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Clearances

Clearances are given with full pertinent details; full procedure names (SID, STARs and approaches), routing with named waypoints and routes.

Regional Variations

Regional phraseology used in ATC exchanges; 'decimal' in frequency settings, 'pass your message' and 'ready for departure' are just a few examples of European usage. QNH / QFE altimeter settings in millibars in the European region